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About 70 species of this genus spread from Himalaya to Australia, including China, Japan, Indochina and Indonesia. They are typically used for cut flowers. Plants can reach up to 1,5 meters. Their growing patterns vary according to the species.
Cymbidium love light. In summertime, they sit as well in semi shaded spots as in full sun, and when in their peak period of growing, they need frequent waterings and fertilizers with higher percentages in nitrogen A light mix for substrate and outdoors culture is recommended. In fall, when the growing period ends, waterings must be decreased. Night temperatures must be lowered so to stimulate the blooming. They are the last orchids to be taken inside, after a couple of nights at a lower temperature such as 4º C. In winter, they sit in a cold but very bright room and with almost no watering; it is recommended to mist the plant just to prevent total drought. After this period of cold, floral buds appear and normal watering must be resumed as well as a fertilization program including a higher percentage of phosphorus until the following spring blooming. The plant can be repotted and divided after the blooming. The size of the new pot must be so as to contain all the roots and one or two new pseudobulbs. The subtropical species can be grown with intermediate conditions. As these are semi-terrestrial plants, Cymbidium can be grown in bark or in very light Pro-MixTM.
LIGHT From 3 000 to 4 000 foot-candles in summertime.
TEMPERATURE From 20°C to 30°C in the day and from 13°C to 17°C in the night .
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