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GENERAL INFO Although the genus Neofinetia is now classified as a Vanda, this name is still widely used among orchids growers. Taxomonists recognize 3 species, but the one that is commonly grown is Neofinetia falcata. This plant originates from China, Korea and Japan. More than 2000 varieties have been selected for their features (shape and color of the leaves and flowers, growth habit, etc.).
CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS Those plants can be grown in many different media, but are usually planted on a sphagnum moss mound in small slotted pots. To avoid salt buildup and degradation of the moss, watering must be done with good quality water and fertilization must be lower than in bark media. A lot of growers water their plants all year long when the moss is completely dried, but some others water quite frequently when actively growing (but letting the moss dry out slightly between waterings). During the winter rest period, if the temperatures are cold, plants must be kept on the dry side and watering can be much lighter than in summer. No fertilization is required at that time. A relative humidity of 40-60% is usually sufficient, but it is important to provide higher humidity level in hot weather (60-85 %). Strong air movement is very important under those conditions.
TEMPERATURE Neofinetia falcata and its varieties grow best at moderate temperatures in summertime (18 to 24°C during the day) while night temperatures should be above 10°C. When at rest in winter, those plants can be grown much colder. Those orchids are sometimes grown under intermediates and sometimes warm conditions all year long, but very good blooming can be difficult without a rest period.
LIGHT 1000 to 3600 foot-candles. Most of the plants thrive under bright diffused light, though some varieties must be grown on a shadier spot. Light can be increased in winter.

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